Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Black Sea FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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INDEX (A - Z)

 
 

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Bathys Limen

Bathys Limen - to be assigned Βαθύς Λιμήν - to be assigned

 

Batumi

Batumi - to be assigned Βατούμ - to be assigned

 

Bizone

Bizone (26/3/2007 v.1) Βιζώνη (18/4/2007 v.1)

Ancient Bizone was located to the south of the town of Cavarna. The ancient sources concerning this small town are limited, while its ancient remains have been found under medieval fortifications. It was probably a colony of Mesembria but Bizone's ethnic identity has not been clarified yet. However, it played an important role regarding the exchanges between the Greeks and the local Thracian tribes. Moreover, the archaeological record has provided evidence on religious activities and burials.

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Bosporan Kingdom

Bosporan Kingdom - to be assigned Βασίλειο του Βοσπόρου - to be assigned

 

Brăila

Brăila - has not been published yet Βραΐλα (17/4/2007 v.1)

Brăila, a port on the Danube, though accessible also to ships coming from the sea, was the most important harbour for Romanian corn exports during the 19th century. The role of the Greeks of the city with respect to trade and shipping, was dominant, at least until the beginning of the 20th century. The Greek community, which was founded in 1863, erected churches and attended to the establishment of communal educational institutions. It survived until the first years of the post war period and...

 

Bulgars (Proto-Bulgarians)

Bulgars (Proto-Bulgarians)  (26/3/2007 v.1) Βούλγαροι (Πρωτοβούλγαροι) (11/4/2008 v.1)

Bulgars, Turkic-Bulgars, Pra-Bulgarians, also Proto-Bulgarians, a people of the steppe swept by the Huns in the course of their great movement from Central Asia to Europe after the 2nd c. AD. The works of generations of historians, linguists, archaeologists and anthropologists mostly from Hungary, Russia, and Bulgaria have proven the multiethnic character of the Bulgars, which was the result of the interaction of cultures of a great number of tribes on the vast territory between the Azov Sea...

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Byzantine Architecture in the west Black Sea area

Byzantine Architecture in the west Black Sea area - to be assigned Βυζαντινή αρχιτεκτονική στα δυτικά παράλια του Εύξεινου Πόντου (26/3/2007 v.1)

 

Influences culturelles byzantines chez les peuples du Nord

Influences culturelles byzantines chez les peuples du Nord (5/12/2007 v.1) Byzantine culture influences on the people of North  (5/12/2007 v.1) Βυζαντινές πολιτισμικές επιδράσεις στους λαούς του Βορρά (5/12/2007 v.1)

Dès la fondation de Constantinople Byzance exerce une influence importante chez les peuples du Nord (mer Noire, Crimée, Caucase, Russie). Ces influences culturelles se reflètent surtout à la civilisation materielle (objets de luxe, armes, églises). L'emprise de l'Empire d'Orient se renforce sous Justinien, tandis qu' à partir de VIIe s. l'influence de Byzance s'affaiblit du point de vue politique, mais non culturel, vu qu'on atteste la continuité de la byzantininisation de ces régions tracée...

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Василикос (Царево)

Василикос (Царево) - has not been published yet Basilikos (Tsarevo) - has not been published yet Βασιλικός (Τσάρεβο) - has not been published yet

Средновековното пристанищно селище Василикос се намира на скалистия нос Кастро на западния бряг на Понтос Евксинос. Сега е едноименен квартал на възникналото по-късно до него селище, град Царево / Мичурин. Съществуващите строителни останки на средновековната крепост, градска стена и църква бележат дълготрайното присъствие на население от гръцки произход. То вероятно е дошло тук още от времето на големите разселвания из Понтос Евксинос през 6 в.пр. Хр., но за селището най-ранните писмени...

 

Венецианци в Черно море

Венецианци в Черно море - has not been published yet Venetians in the Black Sea (18/10/2007 v.1) Βενετοί στον Εύξεινο Πόντο - has not been published yet

Венецианската търговска експанзия в Черно море датира от началото на 13 в. В продължение на близо две столетия корабите на Венеция пътуват интензивно до нейните основни колонии в Тана и Трапезунд и осъществяват значителна по обем търговска дейност. Наред с Генуа, която е постоянна нейна съперница, Венеция извлича огромни печалби от обмена на стоки между Изтока и Запада. Търговията й в този район постепенно замира към края на 16 в.