Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Black Sea FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Coinage in the Black Sea

Coinage in the Black Sea (26/3/2007 v.1) Νομίσματα στον Εύξεινο Πόντο (19/4/2007 v.1)

The Greek coinage of the western and northern Black Sea started circulating from the 6th century BC. Both areas are characterized by the initial introduction of peculiar bronze objects, whose monetary value is archaeologically confirmed. Silver, bronze and even gold coins have been unearthed and categorized according to their depicted images. Overall, the coinage of the area under investigation was strongly influenced by cultural, economic and political factors.



Greek enlightenment in South Russia

Greek enlightenment in South Russia (17/4/2007 v.1) Νεοελληνικός Διαφωτισμός στη Νότια Ρωσία (3/5/2007 v.1)

Greek enlightenment in Southern Russia was a significant part of the overall enlightenment movement in the Hellenic world of the 18th - early 19th century. Its most important members were the prelates Evgenios Voulgaris and Nikiforos Theotokis, who furthemore were proponents of a much more tolerant attitude vis-a-vis the religious sect of the Old Believers. Odessa was a thriving center of the Greek Enlightenment in Russia. A famous Gymnassium was founded there and many prominent Greek lay...



Mint of Cherson

Mint of Cherson - has not been published yet Νομισματοκοπείο Χερσώνος - has not been published yet

The production of the Cherson mint is attested – with interruptions – during the Early, Middle and possibly Late Byzantine periods. Its activity can be connected with the city’s role as an outpost on the empire’s frontier. The mint produced copper coins exclusively; first struck and later cast, they were intended for local circulation. They present particular metrological and iconographic features that distinguish them clearly from the products of other imperial mints.



Mykolaiv (3/5/2007 v.1) Νικολάιεφ (17/4/2007 v.1)

Mykolaiv (Nikolayev) was an important port of southern Russia on the Rivers Boug and Ingul with accessibility to the Black Sea. The advantageous location of Mykolaiv attracted numerous merchants, businessmen and shipowners who undertook the exportation of the Russian wheat which was produced in the hinterland. Because of its proximity to Odessa, a part of its exports was conducted through that port. The course of Mykolaiv was similar to that of Odessa, as from the middle of the 19th century it...



Nikolaos Skoufas

Nikolaos Skoufas - has not been published yet Νικόλαος Σκουφάς (17/4/2007 v.1)

Nikolaos Koumbaros or Skoufas was born in Komboti, Arta. Initially he was a cap-maker. He immigrated to Russia were he became a merchant. He was one of the founders of the Filiki Etaireia. He died of heart disease in Constantinople.



Nikonion (18/4/2007 v.1) Νικώνιον (26/3/2007 v.1)

Nikonion was a significant Greek city in the Black Sea, in the region of modern Ukraine, built on the eastern coast of the Dniester River. The wealth of the archaeological material found in the area indicates, among others, increased commercial activity and close relations with the Greek mainland. The city maintained an almost constant presence between the second half of the 6th c. BC and the 3rd c. AD.




Novorossiysk - to be assigned Νοβοροσίσκ - to be assigned


Nymphaeum (Black Sea, Antiquity)

Nymphaeum (Black Sea, Antiquity) (18/4/2007 v.1) Νυμφαίον (Εύξεινος Πόντος, Αρχαιότητα) (26/3/2007 v.1)

The remains of the ancient settlement of Nymphaeum are located approximately 17km SW of the modern city of Kerch (ancient Panticapaeum) on the coast of the Cimmerian Bosporus. The city is mentioned by a number of ancient Greek and Latin writers. It was founded between 580 and 560 BC, possibly by Milesian settlers and participated in the Second Athenian League. It was destroyed in the early 4th cent. BC but it quickly recovered. Archaeological research since the 1860s has brought to light...



Scythian Neapolis

Scythian Neapolis (6/6/2008 v.1) Νεάπολις Σκυθίας (6/6/2008 v.1)

Scythian Neapolis was the capital of the Scythian Kingdom in the 2nd and 1st c. BC. The city was founded circa 180 BC, but thrived after 140 BC, when the first palace was built. From 130 BC until the destruction brought about by the forces of the Kingdom of Pontus in 111 BC, the Scythian Kingdom was based in Neapolis. In later times it became an insignificant small town and was abandoned in the early or just before the middle of the 3rd c. AD.



Seafaring and ships in the Black Sea

Seafaring and ships in the Black Sea - to be assigned Ναυτιλία και ναυσιπλοϊα στον Εύξεινο Πόντο - to be assigned