Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Black Sea FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Alfierakis Family

Alfierakis Family - has not been published yet Οικογένεια Αλφιεράκη (16/4/2008 v.1)

A Greek settler family of Taganrog in the Azov Sea, their origins being from Mani. The family included military officers, landowners and merchants, with notable activity from the middle of the 18th to the beginning of the 20th century. Members of the family distinguished themselves in the arts and literature as well as holding high administrative positions.

 

Arvanitidis and Sideridis families and oil trade in Batumi

Arvanitidis and Sideridis families and oil trade in Batumi (3/5/2007 v.1) Οικογένειες Αρβανιτίδη και Σιδερίδη και το εμπόριο πετρελαίου στο Βατούμ (17/4/2007 v.1)

At the end of the nineteenth century the Arvanitidis and Sideridis families were found to have settled in Constantinople. They were merchant families who from the 1870s were also occupied with navigation and shipping, especially with the transportation of petroleum from Batumi. The shipping activity of the Sideridis family ceased in 1914 whilst that of the Arvanitidis family after 1930.

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Avgerinos Family

Avgerinos Family (16/4/2008 v.1) Οικογένεια Αυγερινού (16/4/2008 v.1)

Family of Greek settlers in Taiganio (Taganrog) of Azov with origins from Kefalonia distinguished for their activity in trade and the arts from the beginning of the 19th to the middle of the 20th century.

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Embeirikos family

Embeirikos family - to be assigned Οικογένεια Εμπειρίκου - to be assigned

 

Fortifications and defensive systems in the west Black Sea area

Fortifications and defensive systems in the west Black Sea area (26/3/2007 v.1) Οχυρώσεις και δίκτυο άμυνας στα δυτικά παράλια του Εύξεινου Πόντου (19/4/2007 v.1)

The dense chain of Greek towns and emporia in the Black Sea area and, later on, the establishment of the Roman administration required the protection of the local communities from inland and sea enemies with solid fortifications, erected in industrial or agricultural areas, which also provided the setting for the conduct of everyday social life.

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Fortifications on the northern shores of the Black Sea

Fortifications on the northern shores of the Black Sea  (19/4/2007 v.1) Οχυρώσεις στα βόρεια παράλια του Εύξεινου Πόντου (26/3/2007 v.1)

Although almost all of the ancient Greek cities of the northern Black Sea were fortified, there is limited information available about those constructions. The parts of the fortifications revealed by archaeological excavations usually prevent the full reconstruction of the defensive system of each city. They, however, provide an indication of their general development, covering the period between the foundations of the colonies in the 6th c. BC and the 4th c. AD, when most of the cities had...

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Houses in the Black Sea

Houses in the Black Sea - to be assigned Οικίες στον Εύξεινο Πόντο - to be assigned

 

Huns

Huns (5/12/2007 v.1) Huns (5/12/2007 v.1) Ούννοι (5/12/2007 v.1)

En 375 les Huns, nomades de la steppe, apparaissent en Europe de l'est en venant d'Asie. Ils écrasent les Alains et les Goths et avancent en pillant. Ils tournent contre l'Empire romain et en 451, sous les ordres du fameux Attila, ils confrontent aux Champs Catalauniques l'armée fédérée des Romains, Alains, Gaulois, Bourgondes et Wisigoths organisés sous le patrice romain Aetius. La bataille de Nedao en 454/455 marque la fin de l'empire hunnique.

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Lykiardopoulos family

Lykiardopoulos family (3/5/2007 v.1) Οικογένεια Λυκιαρδοπούλου (17/4/2007 v.1)

The Lykiardopoulos family, thanks to its constant presence –approximately 2.5 centuries- in seamanship, is a typical example of evolution and adaptation to every phase of the developments of Greek-owned shipping, from its beginnings until today. The family was active in the Ionian Sea and in the western Mediterranean as well as in the Black Sea and the Danube. Furthermore the family was present in every phase of Greek-owned shipping history, from the age of sails until the age of steam and...

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Одесос (Варна, Средновековие)

Одесос (Варна, Средновековие) (26/3/2007 v.1) Odessos (Varna, Middle Ages) (18/10/2007 v.1) Οδησσός (Βάρνα, Μέσοι Χρόνοι) - has not been published yet

На мястото на съвременния град Варна са съществували поселения от дълбока древност. Запазени са следи от тракийско селище, римски град с огромни терми, антично селище. Ранновизантийският Одесос е бил укрепен с крепостни стени и пристанищна крепост, руини от която съществуват до 1830. От времето на първата българска държава има запазени вал, църковни и обществени сгради. В края на средновековието в града присъстват активно и чужди търговци. Преди завладяването от турците (1389), Варна е в...

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