Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Black Sea FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
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Balaklava battalion

Balaklava battalion (4/5/2007 v.1) Τάγμα Μπαλακλάβα (17/4/2007 v.1)

The history and activity of the Greek Balaklava Infantry Battalion (1774-1859) began in Russia after the Russo-Ottoman war of 1768-1774. During its time of service, the battalion exhibited remarkable combat skills. At the same time, it was integrated to the Greek diaspora of Russia and stands as an example of military typology and assimilation process of immigrants in their re-location area.

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Chertomlyk

Chertomlyk (24/10/2007 v.1) Τσερτομλύκ - has not been published yet

Chertomlyk was one of the Scythian royal tumuli of the 4th century BC situated to the Dnepropetrovsk region of Ukraine. The burial mound was surrounded by a supporting stone wall, where evidence for funerary rituals was detected. The central tombs contained the burials of the king, his wife, 5 other accompanying persons and a dog, while the king’s burial was also accompanied by three separate horse graves. The tumulus contained valuable ceremonial weapons and other specimens of Scythian and...

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Taiganio (Taganrog)

Taiganio (Taganrog) - to be assigned Ταϊγάνιο (Ταϊγκανρόκ) - to be assigned

 

Tanais

Tanais (18/4/2007 v.1) Τάναϊς (26/3/2007 v.1)

Tanais is one of the most important ancient centres of the northern Black Sea, outstanding both due to its geographical location as well as for the peculiar conditions under which it was founded and grew. One of the determining features is that it was located at the nodal point were three peoples met: the Scythians, the Maeotians and the Sarmatians; it was also built at a great distance from the other centres of the Kingdom of Bosporus. The ancient author Strabo preserves a wealth of...

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Tatars

Tatars - has not been published yet Τάταροι - to be assigned

A Muslim Turkish speaking ethnos (ethnic group), originating in Crimea, it also settled in Turkey, Romania, Bulgaria, Central Asia, Western Europe, and North America.

 

Tomi

Tomi (18/4/2007 v.1) Τόμις (Αρχαιότητα) (26/3/2007 v.1)

The settlement of Tomi lies today under the modern city of Constanţa in Romania, on the western coast of the Black Sea. According to sources Tomi was a Milesian colony. The ancient settlement is mentioned by many ancient Greek and Latin authors either as an ‘emporion’, ‘polis’ or a ‘polichnion’, while the Latins describe it as a ‘urbs’, ‘civitas’ and ‘oppidum’. The name of the settlement itself varies with time and the author.

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Tovsta / Tolstaia

Tovsta / Tolstaia (19/4/2007 v.1) Τόβστα / Τόλσταγια (26/3/2007 v.1)

The tumulus of Tovsta, dating to the last quarter of the 4th cent. BC, is one of the largest Scythian royal tumuli ever discovered in the Ukraine. Its burials are representative of the burial customs prevalent among the Scythian tribal aristocracy, and the tumulus is renowned for its rich burial gifts, some of which are exquisite works of art, echoing the rich traditions of the Scythians, and revealing the mythology and mentality of the steppe nomads.

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Toxaris

Toxaris (26/3/2007 v.1) Τόξαρις (19/4/2007 v.1)

“Philosopher” and “foreign medical hero”. He was born in Scythia in the 7th century B.C. He abandoned his people and family and died in Athens in the first half of the 6th century B.C. Because of his miracle-working role during the great plague of 429 BC he was honored as a hero.

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Tsoukatos family

Tsoukatos family - to be assigned Τσουκάτου οικογένεια - to be assigned

 

Tulcea

Tulcea (4/5/2007 v.1) Τούλτσα (17/4/2007 v.1)

A small harbour on the Danube in northern Dobrudja, which developed mainly in the middle of the 19th century thanks to the increase of the exports of agricultural products and the development of shipping. A Greek community existed in the city from the beginning of the 19th century and survived just until the first post-war years, whereas it was re-founded in 1989. The city decayed towards the end of the 19th century due to the development of the rival harbours of Costanţa and Sulina.

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