Crimea in the Middle Ages
Author(s) : Kazanski Michel (12/10/2007)Translation : Makripoulias Christos
For citation: Kazanski Michel, "Crimea in the Middle Ages ",Encyclopaedia of the Hellenic World, Black SeaURL: <http://www.ehw.gr/l.aspx?id=11986>
The Crimean peninsula, the ancient Tauric Chersonese, is situated between the Black Sea and the Azov Sea. The ethnic composition of the Crimea during the Byzantine period was diversified. In the beginning the presence of Huns and Goths is attested, while Justinian attempts to establish Byzantine power. The Khazars appear in the seventh century and the Byzantines stabilize their presence during the ninth century in the form of the theme of Klimata, with its center at Cherson. Byzantine decline commenced with the Tatar invasion of 1223 and the final Turkish occupation in the fifteenth century.
Theme of Cherson (Klimata), (ninth - thirteenth c.)
Crimean peninsula, the Ukraine
1. Crimea in Antiquity
2. Medieval Crimea
2.1. The early period. Hunnic, Gothic and Byzantine presence in the Crimea
2.2. Crimea during the Middle Byzantine period (Khazars, Byzantines and Russians)
2.3. The Tatar invasion and Ottoman occupation of Crimea
copyright © 2008, FOUNDATION OF THE HELLENIC WORLD
The project is co-funded from the European Union by 80% and from the Hellenic State by 20% through the Operational Programme Information Society.